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France : sommes-nous condamnés au chômage de masse ? / Le Monde de Donald Trump : stop ou encore ?

Fondapol / Général - Sun, 23/06/2019 - 11:01

Analyse politique et géopolitique de la semaine avec le professeur de relations internationales Bertrand Badie, la philosophe Monique Canto-Sperber, la journaliste du Monde Sylvie Kauffmann et le politologue Dominique Reynié.   Retrouvez l’intégralité de l’émission ici

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On Eve of Pledging Conference, UNRWA Head Says Neutrality Essential for Doing Humanitarian Work

European Peace Institute / News - Fri, 21/06/2019 - 21:31
Event Video: 

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The subject of the June 21st Speaker Series event at IPI was “The Risks of Politicizing Humanitarian Action: The UNRWA Perspective,” and the speaker, Pierre Krähenbühl, Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), focused his comments on what he said was the most misunderstood of all principles governing humanitarian work—neutrality.

“Neutrality is often misunderstood as ‘indifference’ when in fact it is a crucial action enabling principle,” he said. “It is crucial because what it means and entails is a fundamental consideration—you as an organization are not taking sides. The misunderstood part is that it sounds sometimes like neutrality is a reflex of taking a step back, physically moving away from the conflict or battlefield.” To the contrary, he said, “our humanitarian work is only possible if we engage… and this can be achieved only if we engage in dialogue with everyone.”

UNRWA provides education, health care, microfinance, and relief and social services to some 5 million Palestinian refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem, an area that Mr. Krähenbühl identified as “one of the most polarized and politicized places on the planet.”

A former Director of Operations at The International Committee of the Red Cross with more than 25 years of experience in humanitarian, human rights, and development work, he pointed to a key misunderstanding about neutrality in conflict contexts. “Neutral does not mean, ‘I am not in favor of the other one, but I agree with you.’ It means, ‘I do not take sides. I am here in a conflict environment, and there is no need to take sides.’”

Maintaining a neutral position is always under challenge in the conflicted region where UNRWA operates, and he gave an example, stemming from the discovery that the fundamentalist organization Hamas had built a tunnel under one of the agency’s schools in Gaza. “We found out, we informed the different parties, and we condemned Hamas and contributed to the sealing the tunnels,” he said. “This is how far UNRWA is prepared to go to protect its neutrality, to not allow any actor in the region to play with its installations or undermine credibility of its work.”

UNRWA is holding its annual pledging conference starting June 25th, and a particular concern is how to make up for the cut last year in longstanding financial contributions to the agency from its traditionally most generous donor, the United States. He said that the agency had reduced its spending by $92 million and received increased funding from 42 countries and institutions in response to the American action, and its purpose now was to sustain that and keep the annual budget level at its current $1.2 billion. “If every single donor would preserve and maintain their level of contribution reached in 2018, we would be able to cover the financial needs of UNRWA,” he said.

He said the budget was balanced for the first half of 2019 but already was showing a deficit for June. A lack of funding would cripple the agency’s provision of services, especially in the fields of health and education, threatening to delay the opening of schools in August. He declared himself “passionate” about UNRWA’s education program and cited a comment about it from former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown—“There is not a single other actor in the humanitarian system that runs an entire education service of over one half million boys and girls.”

Mr. Krähenbühl said that providing education affected the stability of the entire region and alluded to a statement from King Abdullah II of Jordan. “The Jordanian King said that if the 122,000 boys and girls in the kingdom no longer had access to education, it would become a matter of national stability,” he said.

In a general assessment of the U.S. cuts, he said he didn’t challenge the right of a country to take such action, but he lamented what he called “the accompanying narrative that somehow that UNRWA is a key actor in perpetuating the refugeehood among Palestinians.” He added: “This analysis doesn’t stand serious review.”

Asked about the particular effect of the cutbacks on girls and women, he noted that there was gender parity in the parliament representing 280,000 students in Gaza. The president of the parliament, he said, was a 15-year old girl. “Every time we have funding challenges, we worry that it will impact young girls and women,” he said, “and this, in particular is something we are trying to limit.”

IPI Vice President Adam Lupel moderated the discussion.

Discussion avec Thierry Lepercq autour de l’ouvrage « Hydrogène, le nouvelle pétrole »

Fondapol / Général - Fri, 21/06/2019 - 16:31

À l’occasion de cafés-débat, la Fondation pour l’innovation politique se propose de réagir et d’interagir autour de différents ouvrages. En présence de l’auteur et de Dominique Reynié, directeur général de la Fondation pour l’innovation politique, la discussion s’anime librement au gré des questions et réflexions de l’équipe. Ce 18 juin 2019, la Fondation pour l’innovation politique […]

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„Was für ein Vertrauen“

Konrad Adenauer Stiftung - Fri, 21/06/2019 - 12:28
Anne-Sophie Lewerentz 2019-06-21T10:28:00Z

Où en est la démocratie dans le monde ?

Fondapol / Général - Fri, 21/06/2019 - 11:26

Idée. Dans la famille des grandes enquêtes de la Fondation pour l’innovation politique, je demande la démocratie. De cette nouvelle étude passionnante, menée dans 42 pays, en 33 langues auprès de plus de 36.000 personnes, il ressort le portrait des recompositions et décompositions des idées démocratiques. Selon ce qu’en pensent et ce qu’en attendent les […]

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Lutte contre l’incivisme : des actions prévues pour mieux combattre ce fléau

Fondapol / Général - Fri, 21/06/2019 - 10:03

La ville de Nice a organisé hier un colloque sur les pratiques sociales et les incivilités toujours plus grandissantes. Une première sur l’échelle nationale car cette rencontre au Centre Universitaire Méditerranéen a regroupé de nombreuses personnes, tels que Christian Estrosi, Maire de Nice, Pierre-Paul Leonelli, adjoint au Maire, ou encore Dominique Reynié, Professeur des Universités […]

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Partnerskaber alle vide vegne

DIIS - Thu, 20/06/2019 - 17:09
Kan partnerskaber løse alle verdens udfordringer?

Démocraties sous tensions, une enquête planétaire

Fondapol / Général - Thu, 20/06/2019 - 10:09

Le 19 juin, l’ambassadeur a ouvert avec le vice premier ministre Bujar Osmani la conférence de l’International Republican Institute (IRI) promouvant le nouvel ouvrage coécrit avec la Fondation pour l’Innovation politique (Fondapol) : « Démocraties sous tensions, une enquête planétaire ». Cette coopération franco-américaine dresse un état des lieux de la démocratie dans pas moins de 42 pays, […]

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Norge vil kæmpe for det multilaterale system for at forsvare norsk selvstændighed og handlerum

DIIS - Thu, 20/06/2019 - 09:26
Ny hvidbog fra Norges blå regering kan med fordel inspirere en kommende rød regering i Danmark

"Demokratie stärken"

Konrad Adenauer Stiftung - Wed, 19/06/2019 - 19:16
Saskia Gamradt 2019-06-19T17:16:00Z

Présentation de l’enquête Démocraties Sous Tension à Skopje

Fondapol / Général - Wed, 19/06/2019 - 16:39

Le 19 juin 2019, la Fondation pour l’innovation politique s’est rendue à Skopje en Macédoine du Nord pour présenter son enquête planétaire, Démocraties sous tension, réalisée en partenariat avec l’International Republican Institute (IRI). Les participants à cette table ronde étaient Dominique Reynié, directeur général de la Fondation pour l’innovation politique, Bujar Osmani, vice-Premier ministre chargé […]

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Europæisk uenighed om kursen i Libyen

DIIS - Wed, 19/06/2019 - 11:36
Europæiske lande modarbejder hinanden i det kaotiske Libyen. Konsekvensen kan både blive mere uro og flere flygtninge i Europa, konstaterer seniorforsker Hans Lucht i Morgenavisen Jyllands-Posten

Dienen und Dazwischengehen

Konrad Adenauer Stiftung - Wed, 19/06/2019 - 11:27
Carina Amler 2019-06-19T09:27:00Z

"Christian Wulff ist ein Brückenbauer"

Konrad Adenauer Stiftung - Wed, 19/06/2019 - 10:33
Carina Amler 2019-06-19T08:33:00Z

Ein Volk – Zwei Staaten – Zwei Gesellschaften?

Konrad Adenauer Stiftung - Wed, 19/06/2019 - 09:49
Carina Amler 2019-06-19T07:49:00Z

Mehr Anreize für Erwerbstätigkeit von Frauen könnten Rentenlücken in europäischen Ländern verkleinern


Unterschiede in den Renteneinkommen zwischen den Geschlechtern sind in Europa teils riesig – In Deutschland große Unterschiede zwischen West und Ost – Länderübergreifender Zusammenhang zwischen Rentenlücken und geschlechtsspezifischen Unterschieden am Arbeitsmarkt – Bessere Aufteilung von Sorge- und Erwerbsarbeit, etwa durch Abschaffung des Ehegattensplittings, könnte Erwerbsbiografien von Frauen stärken und Rentenlücken verkleinern

Männer erhalten in fast allen untersuchten Ländern Europas höhere Renten als Frauen – auch wenn man die Gender Pension Gaps um Alter und Bildung bereinigt. Diese Rentenlücken variieren allerdings sehr stark: Während in Estland fast kein Gender Pension Gap zu erkennen ist, liegt er in Luxemburg mit knapp 74 Prozent am höchsten. Die Rentenlücke in Ostdeutschland ist nur knapp halb so groß wie die Lücke in Westdeutschland. In der Regel fallen die Lücken in den skandinavischen und osteuropäischen Ländern am geringsten aus.

Rød-Larsen: Palestinian Identity is Glued to the Notion of Establishing a Palestinian State

European Peace Institute / News - Tue, 18/06/2019 - 18:51

In an interview with FRANCE 24 in The Hague, IPI President Terje Rød-Larsen discussed the stalled Israeli-Palestinian peace process, and also shared his thoughts on the merits of the Trump administration’s plans for peace between Israelis and Palestinians.